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2021-06-20

A law on environmental protection

你知道,在过去的2020年,地球经历了哪些灾难吗?澳洲山林大火夺去了超5亿野生动物的生命,东非的蝗灾从索马里一直向东不断蔓延,蝗虫数量高达4000亿只,菲律宾火山喷发直接引发75场地震,南极的气温也突破了历史新纪录达到了20.75℃.....


这一切的灾难无一不在提醒着人们环境保护的重要性。今天,我们口语预测的话题就是关于 – 描述关于环境保护的一则法律。

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Describe a law on environmental protection

You should say:

What it is

How did you first learn about it

Who benefits from it

And explain how you feel about this law



当我们拿到这道题目的时候,首先要提取一些关键信息:环保法、第一次知道、受益者、感受。经过简单的分析之后,我想同学们可能也会很快反应出来的是:法条内容、第一次了解的渠道会比较难以展开。而受益者这个部分我们可以通过对不同方面的受益进行阐述,从而扩充自己的回答。话不多说,上解析!

- What it is

这个问题显然是在提问这条法律的具体内容是什么。那么我们在考场中可能很难具体的去阐述这个法条的确切内容,但是我们可以采取举例子的方式向考官进行paraphrase,这项技能也是雅思口语评分标准中Lexical Resource里非常重要的一部分。


【是什么:碳排放,要限量】 This law stated that the government has restrained the amount of carbon emission for different companies. It means that if the organization exceeded a certain amount it seems that they would have to pay an expensive tax.


- How did you first learn about it

当看到第二个问题的时候,我们会敏感地发现first这个副词。所以最简单的处理方式就是将这个问题的答案提前到第一个问题回答之前,这样会更容易进行承接与逻辑的连贯。


【第一次了解:三年前的一则新闻】 The first time I took notice of this law was when I came across a piece of certain news about it three years ago.


- Who benefits from it

正如上文所提及,这个问题是我们扩充回答最容易的一个部分。我们可能想到的第一点就是这个法条督促到了企业减少碳排放并寻求新能源;第二点就是对个人而言,我们会更加注重减少石油和煤炭等化石资源的使用,增强人们的环保意识。最后,政府还可以利用高额税收来投资环保产业。


【全体公民齐收益,其中原因有三例:企业节能减排,开发新能源】 In my opinion, this law could be beneficial to all Chinese citizens. It is not limited to our knowledge that there are other forms of cleaner energy sources in which of the following: wind, electricity, and solar energy. I guess this urged the factories to utilize and probably search for a source that they can work and compromise with, instead of fossil fuels, which could largely reduce the emission of greenhouse gas and thus the environment in China could be better protected.


【提高群众环保意识】 In another point of view, probably this law also raised people’s attention to the overuse of petroleum and coal. In this case, consumers would be more likely to choose products which were powered by clean energy such as electricity-powered vehicles.


【政府利用赋税开发新能源产业】 If I can suggest that the government could take advantage of the carbon emission tax to invest in any eco-friendly industry to further protect the environment.


- And explain how you feel about this law

这个问题是关于对于这部法律的感受,我想作为一个普通群众,我们也经历过曾经的雾霾,也曾渴望过蓝天。


【感受:金山银山不如绿水青山】

I suppose this law is quite a visionary one. Here in China, we used to focus on the rapid development of any technological industry and ignore the importance of environmental protection. This led to a series of severe consequences and had immense negative influences on people’s lives. However, after the implementation of this law, I have entirely witnessed that China’s environment was getting better at the moment. I saw several bodies of water that were clearer, and the quality of the air was becoming natural again.


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完整版例答

I would like to talk about a law on environmental protection which was about the carbon emission taxation. The first time I took notice of this law was when I came across a piece of certain news about it three years ago. This law stated that the government has restrained the amount of carbon emission for different companies. It means that if the organization exceeded a certain amount it seems that they would have to pay an expensive tax.

 

In my opinion, this law could be beneficial to all Chinese citizens. It is not limited to our knowledge that there are other forms of cleaner energy sources in which of the following: wind, electricity, and solar energy. I guess this urged the factories to utilize and probably search for a source that they can work and compromise with, instead of fossil fuels, which could largely reduce the emission of greenhouse gas and thus the environment in China could be better protected. In another point of view, probably this law also raised people’s attention to the overuse of petroleum and coal. In this case, consumers would be more likely to choose products which were powered by clean energy such as electricity-powered vehicles. If I can suggest that the government could take advantage of the carbon emission tax to invest in any eco-friendly industry to further protect the environment.

 

I suppose this law is quite a visionary one. Here in China, we used to focus on the rapid development of any technological industry and ignore the importance of environmental protection. This led to a series of severe consequences and had immense negative influences on people’s lives. However, after the implementation of this law, I have entirely witnessed that China’s environment was getting better at the moment. I saw several bodies of water that were clearer, and the quality of the air was becoming natural again.



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